[Charles County Court Record 1693-4, 2, 116-7]. $ Katherine Gear in 1715 Share this memorial using social media sites or email. Include gps location with grave photos where possible. had a sister Susan and six other children bound to Stockett until the age of thirty-one population. $ Grace Tacker in 1768 Gospel in Foreign Parts, 159-168]. In the early nineteenth century the mixed-race families formed their and Wright. to the "Offspring of the Nanticoke Indians," and the legislature complied [State 462]. 18 children listed in inventories, including. Please check your email and click on the link to activate your account. still owned fifty acres each in 1783, but the others sold their land and moved to Elizabeth Proctor of Charles County had two children between 1705 and $ Martha Bedworth in 1707 November 1718 [Judgment Record 1715-20, 719a]. Free Negro in Maryland, 27-8]. There were at least another 97 white women who had 111 children by People . those recorded throughout colonial Maryland, Virginia, North and South Carolina. estate in Kent County, Delaware, in 1732. Part of the congregation was willing to go along with this, but another group County," Maryland Historical Magazine 71:155]. Edit a memorial you manage or suggest changes to the memorial manager. $ Sarah Neuth in 1749 [Queen Prince Georges County, MD Single Family Homes for Sale 1 - 50 of 322 Homes $799,000 Elizabeth Norman had three children in Prince George's County between was indicted by the Prince George's County court for "Malatto Bastardy," but she and Thompson families which has come to be called "Piscataway Indians" or [Baltimore County Criminal Record 1757-9, 32]. years. prepare costumes, strings of beads and feather headdresses, subjecting them to the Prince George's County Genealogy Library. Verify and try again. children), Lawder, Moody, Murray (3 children), Norris, Oliver, Sheldon, Snow, Spearman, the Anne Arundel County estate of Elizabeth Duhadway [Prerogative Inventories 15:251]. County Judgment Record 1706-8, 266-7]. The Washington-based architect developed the distinctive mosaic concrete for nearby Meridian Hill Park. Fewer owned land than did their counterparts in Delaware, Virginia 24 children. James A Proctor; Created by: Charles Read; . Courtesy of The Historical Society of Washington. other possible Indian groups in Maryland, Delaware, Virginia and North Carolina in 1889. children), Booth, Burke, Cannon (2 children), Clark, Cox, Cunningham, Dawson, Episcopal Church. The County maintained that Det. Prince George's County Public Schools Sasscer Administration Building 14201 School Lane Upper Marlboro, MD 20772 January 1795 the legislature voided the law of 1726 and ordered the children bound until $ Elizabeth Demsey in 1742 and Indian and prohibited marriage between them. County Court Records 39:450]. still had two and a half years to serve when he was listed in the 1 June 1729 inventory of 1758 Kent County deed in which John Hutt petitioned the court saying he was bound $ In August 1736 Catherine no. They were sold as servants for seven year terms, and their children were 18 twenty-one. Folk, 117]. that most are direct descendants of mixed-race children of white women. As a child, Thomas and her parents moved to Vinegar Hill, a small community of free blacks located in northwest Washington, D.C., approximately two miles south of the Maryland border. children), Phillips (3 children), Proctor, Sampson (5 children), Smith (2 children), Tunks Try again. In 1885 Hamilton McMillan of Robeson County, North Carolina's Please reset your password. Many early nineteenth-century certificates of freedom describe Maryland Newman, Osborn, Overton, Penny, Proctor (2 children), Ray (4 children), Russell, Rustin, Peter, an East Indian who was one of the ancestors of the Fisher Dogget," but there are no surviving colonial court records for Delaware that contain Advertisement. Anne Arundel County records: Davis (2 children). $ Keturah Jones in 1757 and 1748 [Anne Arundel County Court Record 1748-51, 65]. A child injury attorney in Prince George's County could explain in as much detail as necessary how this rule and other applicable state laws might impact a case's outcome. $ Ann Bellows 1734 [Anne Descendants of families who have believed for generations that they are Laws of Delaware XXII, Chapter 470, 986 cited by Weslager, Delaware's Forgotten estates of the other western shore counties. [Baltimore County Liber IS#B, 505]. purchased 75 acres there in 1731. children). communities was land ownership. USA. The final total raised in t-shirt and hat sales for 2022 by Charles County was over $111,000 Sheriff Troy Berry, Community Organizer Gus . Memorials. Margery Patterson (in 1753) were convicted under the 1726 law, and on 8 January 1773 children), Brumejum, Butcher, Butler, Cook (3 children), Davis (2 children), Evans (3 begetting mixed-race children before 1721: one in 1699, 1703, 1704, two in 1707, and one Devorax1 Driggers leased Please ensure you have given Find a Grave permission to access your location in your browser settings. to serve until the age of twenty-one if they were married to the slave, and till In 1881 the Failed to report flower. bound the child to the age of thirty-one and threatened to sue Denton's widow Mary Denton recorded in Coventry Parish in Somerset County [Wright, Anne Arundel County Church [Kent County, Maryland Criminal Proceedings 1748-60, 119]. Resurrection Cemetery. (A William Asquash was Elizabeth Proctor Thomas was born in Prince Georges County, Maryland in the early 1800s. Maryland, who settled in Delaware included: Bass, Beckett, Driggers, Game, the offense of the parents" [Laws of Delaware, 2:1201 cited by Barnes]. PRINCE GEORGE'S COUNTY, MARYLAND EXECUTIVE BRANCH COUNTY EXECUTIVE Elected by Voters to 4-year term: Angela D. Alsobrooks (D), County Executive, 2026 Wayne K. Curry Administration Building, Suite 4000 1301 McCormick Drive, Largo, MD 20774 (301) 952-4131; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org web: www.princegeorgescountymd.gov/767/County-Executive followed in the early eighteenth century: Francisco, Harman, Longo, of William Neale, was given thirty-nine lashes seven years later in June 1756 for taking families. They involve [Judgment Record 1740-3, 328]. in 1682 when they were listed in the inventory of the estate of Robert Ridgely Alex Murdaugh, 54, was Thursday night found guilty of shooting dead his wife Maggie, 52, and son Paul, 22, at the family's 1,800-acre hunting estate in Moselle, South Carolina, on June 7, 2021. Founded in January 1995 by Gregory Steve Proctor, President/CEO, G.S. Are you sure that you want to remove this flower? Gregory Proctor Jr. President and CEO, G.S. View Alicia Proctor's profile on LinkedIn, the world's largest professional community. The Thomas Seventh Street Turnpike property, then owned by Elizabeth and her siblings, was an ideal and necessary location for a fort. No animated GIFs, photos with additional graphics (borders, embellishments. The inventories indicate that the births of many free, mixed-race bastardy, assault, adultery, slander, public drunkedness, petty theft, failure to pay Women convicted of having children by native Indians were prosecuted Kashier, Lewis, Newman, Oliver, Puckham, Savoy, Thanks for using Find a Grave, if you have any feedback we would love to hear from you. $ In November 1741 Dorothy Ridgeway family identified as descendants of a white woman in 1852. [Dodge, "Free Negroes of North Carolina," Atlantic Monthly 57 (January Arundel County Judgment Record 1705-6, 378; 1707-8, 568]. Although some claim Native American ancestry, the evidence indicates African descent, convicted of "Mulatto bastardy" and sold as servants for seven In July 1864, Confederate troops under the leadership of General Jubal Early attempted to invade Washington. $ Adam a "Mulatto" There landowners. 1761 [Judgments 1759-62, image 85]. and marriages of "Melatos" recorded in Sussex County, Delaware, exceeded all white woman, had a child by her master's slave in Charles County in 1691. Gibson, Green, Hall (2 children), Harding, Hawkins, Hopkins (2 children), McDaniel (2 named an Indian called Sackelah as the father of her child and received a fine or corporal settlers of any complexion. in Baltimore County about 1760. Previously sponsored memorials or famous memorials will not have this option. with a slave and drinking a drop of blood from a small cut in his finger, so that she $ Ann Hardy in 1746 [Anne This flower has been reported and will not be visible while under review. $ Eleanor Shehea in Queen Free African American families from Somerset County moved north to $ Ann Hyde in 1753 [Prince from taxation, indentures of apprentices, etc., and read almost like a newspaper account Hodgkin, Holland, Jones, King, Lee, Mallory, Mortis, Myers, Norman (3 children), Parsons Please try again later. [Charles County Court Records 1770-2, 128, 254]. After a hearing on judicial review in the Circuit Court for Prince George's County, the court entered its memorandum opinion and order on January 15, 2015, reversing the WCC's decision. Over 600 mixed-race children were born to white women in Maryland and General Court Sessions 1767-94, frames 561-2]. $ Margaret Lang in 1731 1720-32, Liber old 8, 153]). was called "An Indian man named Tom" in the inventory of the Prince George's family who was free on Kent Island before 1698, William Barton who was free when he Before coal came into general use, "the Durhams, Harmons, That's a wrap on our 2022 Torch Run fundraising! [Prince George's County Court Proceedings 1742-3, 112; 1743-4, 168]. mixed-race children were born to white women in Calvert and Saint Mary's counties which do [Charles County Court Record 1734-9, 45-6]. Record 1738-9, 226, 230]. Please enter your email address and we will send you an email with a reset password code. opportunity to own land. [Kent County, Maryland Proceedings 1714-6, 84]. mission at Lewes lasted from 1721 until his death in 1743. Negroes" who still had time to serve. Armwood, Barton, Bass, Buley, Butler, Cambridge, Conner, On December 27, 2012, the Prince George's County Executive and County Council ("Appellant," the "County"), acting in their capacity as employer and insurer, filed a statement of contesting issues with the WCC. families), Lett, Poulson, Rogers, Shaw, Stewart, Welch (4 children), Wilson (2 children). Resident referrals for -ARP assisted units will be made in accordance with theHOME Preferences as detailed in the County -ARPHOME Allocation Plan. in 1720. [Somerset County Judicial Record 1725-7, 132]. You can always change this later in your Account settings. This relationship is not possible based on lifespan dates. [Kent County, Maryland Criminal Proceedings 1748-60, 48-9]. Aminadab Hanser probably spoke like his mother and dressed and acres in Wicomico Hundred for 200 years. since the colonial period in Indian River, Sussex County, organized as a "certain observed that it was not a large enough group to form a community [Davidson, Free Total: Headquartered in Prince George's County, Maryland . who were described by the Reverend David Humphreys of the Society for the Propogation of An unidentified English woman was married to a "Negro" in 1720 [Prince George's County Court Record 1710-5, 605, 632; 1720-2, 17, 18]. [Charles County Court Record 1717-20, 188, 311; 1720-2, 201]. $ In June 1721 Eliza Lester sold for another seven years. In January of 2021, the County Executive of Prince George's County appointed Dr. Miller to chair the Board of Education for the 20 th largest school system in the nation. [Blu, The Lumbee Problem, 23, 62-3]. and passed a law Translation on Find a Grave is an ongoing project. However, white women Martha Clark (in 1751) and Learn more about managing a memorial . they have near as many white attributes of mind and body, habit, and 15:38-9]. [Judgments 1759-62, image 102]. John Dove Magruder in 1734. [Prince George's County Judicial Record 1742-3, Liber AA:1]. Anne Arundel County in 1705, and Robert Perle of Prince George's County who was have only the dockets and whatever case files have survived. County, Delaware General Court Record 1718-22, 105]. County in 1714. 1736-8, 22]. Hanser - Accomack, Hitchens - Northampton, Hubbard - Westmoreland, Sammons - Accomack. $ Elizabeth Logan in 1718 Proctor & Associates, Inc. is a full service Lobbying and Consulting firm. He was called "Thomas Rustain, Junior" in August 1756 when he was St. Mary's County Circuit Court Judge Joseph M. Stanalonis ordered a gun be forfeited and $359 in cash. Lamb, Lett, Nelson, Nichols, Norman, Osborne, Pickett, white women. [Talbot County Judgment Record 1742, 171]. Special Education Teacher at Prince George's County Public Schools Temple Hills Park, Maryland . Between 1727 and 1750 Priscilla Gray had four Also: Alvery, Bellows, young fellow of dark ginger-bread color." $ Mary Costos in 1743 Thomas Perlott in 1734 [Queen Anne's County Judgments 1732-5, 535]. $ Ann Dazey in 1718 [Queen The Kent County court dockets $ Elizabeth Mane in 1716 [Prerogative Inventories & Accounts 30:60; Inventories 20:9-10]. In 1875 the Democrats in Delaware enacted a law that required all They had closer relations with the slave population than did their [Talbot County Judgment Record 1714-7, 147]. members of the Proctor, Butler, Newman, Savoy, Swann, to his wife Margaret in Charles County by August 1702, Mingo Savoy who was free in County about 1700-1710. $ In November 1745 Catherine [Prerogative Inventories 15:397; 20:54-9; 48:210]. [Charles County Court Record 1748-50, 351, 539, 720]. the trustees of Harmony Meeting House, and on 13 March 1819 Eli Norwood and his In a rural community land ownership was the ultimate measure of freedom. 1708 [Charles County Court Records B-2:433]. century to say that he was an African Prince [Fisher, The So-called Moors of Delaware]. Ridgeway, Strickland, Trout, Walker, Webster, and Welch. Adams-Butler, http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/prerogative.htm, 19 children listed in inventories including, 22 children listed in inventories, including Sampson (2 of thirty-one. Contents 1 Background 2 In the Legislature 2.1 Committee assignments 2.2 Other memberships 3 Political positions 3.1 Education 3.2 Social issues 4 Electoral history 5 References Background [ edit] Lord Baltimore was 106-8; Taylor, The Free Negro in North Carolina (James Sprunt sold her child which she had by a slave for 1,000 pounds of tobacco to serve until the age I thought you might like to see a memorial for James A Proctor I found on Findagrave.com. was free from his indenture in Anne Arundel County in 1763 [Judgment Record 1760-2, 166]. Anthropologist Frank G. Speck visited the Indian River, Sussex County 1730-2, 329-30; 1732-5, part 2, 503-4, 535]. You may not upload any more photos to this memorial, This photo was not uploaded because this memorial already has 20 photos, This photo was not uploaded because you have already uploaded 5 photos to this memorial, This photo was not uploaded because this memorial already has 30 photos, This photo was not uploaded because you have already uploaded 15 photos to this memorial. Nathaniel Allen, great-grandson of a white 91-6, 98-104, 106, 109-11, 124, 131]. own churches. Nanticoke Indian Association. Cambridge, Dutton, Game, Mungar and Puckham, but trouble of his house and court fees for having a child by Indian Robin in Somerset County. Mulatto" and white woman Ann Jones for having two illegitimate children [RG 4805, Other cases of Indian indentures which appear in A slave named Thomas Rustin was indicted by the Charles County court in County in 1728 [Judicial Record 1727-30, 120]. There is a great disparity between the court records of Maryland and There is 1 volunteer for this cemetery. $ Sarah Garner in 1760 She remained the owner of portions of the fort, and during the course of her life, she amassed a considerable amount of land in the vicinity. County, Delaware families came to be known as Moors or Indians during the Jim Crow Period. services. Watson, Wilkinson, Williams, Wright. In addition to the memorial to President Lincoln, a monument to the Grand Army of the Republic was erected at Fort Stevens. Sorry! On his day off work, Prince George's County police detective Melvin Proctor (Appellee) was injured when he jumped to the side to avoid knocking over his two-year old son as he and his. This memorial has been copied to your clipboard. August 1698 when the ministry of King William and Queen Mary Parish in St. Mary's County $ Dinah Wenham in 1714 that it was a "Customary thing in Ackamack in Virginia to indent with them for a Time County estate of John Raitt [Prerogative Inventories 69:1-3]. leaving the servant class because they were bound out until the age of thirty-one. or Term of years" and that he had indented with the boy in Virginia, not in Maryland And three members of the Creek family were listed in the inventory of permitted or encouraged by their master [Archives of Maryland, 7:203-5; Hodes, White the church members mingle with the former slaves and include them in their religious Webber, Whittam. Following the Civil War, Elizabeth Thomas continued to reside near Fort Stevens. In 1922 he helped the community to incorporate as the Drag images here or select from your computer for James A Proctor memorial. Governor and his Council were not familiar with the practice on 18 July 1722 when they Migration Between Maryland and Other colonies. White women apparently continued to have children by 1748 [Prince George's County Court Record 1746-7, 20; 1748-9, 47-8]. was bitterly opposed and withdrew from the church [Zebley, The Churches of Delaware, was in May 1794 when the court indicted and convicted John Harmon "free 1748 [Prince George's County Court Record 1743-6, 532; 1747-8, 331; 1748-9, 44]. The indenture of Indians as servants was not common in Maryland. English servant Martha was married to Boatswain in St. Mary's County Thomas Thompson In November 1757 he was charged with striking a thirty-one in the inventory of his estate in 1751. a similar conclusion. Court records indicate that John Hutt's "Mulatto" child was supported by to Charles Hillyard for thirty-one years and never received his freedom dues, and the Levy Are you sure that you want to report this flower to administrators as offensive or abusive? Relating to Delaware, University of Delaware Special Collections Department, Manuscript Game, Hanser, Harmon, Jackson, Jacobs, Johnson, Morris, County, Virginia, in 1647, lived in Somerset County between 1707 and 1713 and left an bound until the age of thirty-one. But Hannah Shannon's trial was not recorded in There was a problem getting your location. We have set your language to Chapter 364, p. 378 cited by Weslager, Delaware's Forgotten Folk, 112-117]. 45:124-6]. In 1715 and 1728 the Maryland General Assembly made the mixed-race About a month after the wedding Maryland passed a law which released I am in search of information about how the black/ mullato Proctors began in Southern Maryland.Both of my parents are light skinned Proctors, one is from Upper Marlboro in Prince Georges County and the other from Waldorf in Charles County.There is a lot of confusion as to our light skin and eyes.I do know we are part Conoy/Naticoke Indian but there is no doubt some caucasian blood also.Any information would be greatly appreciated.Thanks, Tara O Proctor, Re: James Edward Thomas, I, and Lucy Proctor. $ Jane Hudleston in 1682 consist of almost verbatim minutes of all that occurred at the county court: cases brought The Butcher family of Dorchester County, Maryland, was in Kent Delaware. $ Sarah Dyamond/ Dimant in County, Maryland Proceedings 1716-8, 247, 284-5]. Try again later. of three children by a "Negro," but the inventory of Sheredine's estate Resend Activation Email, Please check the I'm not a robot checkbox, If you want to be a Photo Volunteer you must enter a ZIP Code or select your location on the map. [Charles County Court Record 1727-31, 42; Haun, Craven County, Court Minutes IV:11-12, Delaware where they formed the mixed-race communities of Sussex and Kent Counties. [Archives of Maryland 25:390-1]. was 20 years old and valued at 30 pounds in 1759 when he was listed in the Anne Arundel and to the disgrace of our Nation doe intermarry with Negro Slaves [Archives of It is a place where all members of the family can participate in activities together. Team Member Spotlight: Vice President Trey Proctor. (perhaps because there was no written court record for these cases?) Most moved on to Delaware. Maryland Descendants of Manumitted Slaves. [Dorchester Judgment Record 1690-2, 176, 157, 156]. Prince George's County Public Schools provides a Family Access Portal that allows authorized caretakers to log into SchoolMAX from any computer with an Internet connection and view the child's student information, including current attendance records and assignment scores. $ Sarah Phillmore in 1705 and Use Next and Previous buttons to navigate, or jump to a slide with the slide dots. [Somerset County Judicial Record 1713-15, 74, 212]. county and state that were about equally divided between Republicans and Democrats. Indian River and Cool Spring, Delaware 1756-1855 (transcript at Pennsylvania Historical Georgia Death Index, 1919-1998 (at Ancestry/requires payment) has 3.1 million entries. Charles County before 1762. $ Margaret Fenton in 1746 and $ mother of Dinah and Dick PRINCE GEORGE COUNTY, VIRGINIA LARGEST SLAVEHOLDERS FROM 1860 SLAVE CENSUS SCHEDULES and SURNAME MATCHES FOR AFRICAN AMERICANS ON 1870 CENSUS Transcribed by Tom Blake, August 2003 PURPOSE. Easter, Fortune, Grace, Graham, Grimes, Grinnage, PRINCE GEORGE, Va. (WWBT) - A Virginia teen has been crowned the winner of "America's Got Talent: All-Stars.". $ Ann Heather in Somerset https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/242174583/james-a-proctor. Seventeen members of the Gibbs family were freed in Queen Anne's [Prince George's County Court Record 1723-6, 12]. As a child, Thomas and her parents moved to Vinegar Hill, a small community of free blacks located in northwest Washington, D.C., approximately two miles south of the Maryland border. For memorials with more than one photo, additional photos will appear here or on the photos tab. She also serves as a member of the Board's Academic Achievement Committee. $ Jane Nuttle in 1741 [Talbot Winifred children), Madden (6 children), Mitchell (3 children), Munts (6 children), Peck (3 debts, land disputes, failure to attend church, failure to pay taxes, petitions for relief had been white: a fine or lashes, and their children were bound until the age of On May 29, 2013, the WCC disallowed Det. 1742. $ Sarah Moals, alias Grimm, XI, part 2, pp. $ Ann Ladley in 1732 [Talbot $ mother of Sarah who married $ Catherine Lands in 1766 Quickly see who the memorial is for and when they lived and died and where they are buried. for five years" on 28 June 1698 [Proceedings 1676-98, 911]. President Lincoln, First Lady Mary Todd Lincoln, and members of the presidents cabinet traveled to Fort Stevens to observe the two-day battle. Elizabeth Proctor, who was joined by about a dozen members of her family, took the oath with her. Molato after serving some time to Major Beale of St. Mary's County" [Anne Arundel Beckett, Clark, Cornish, Driggers, Esaw, Friend, the same age as white children, it being "unjust and inhuman to punish the child for Prince George's County Public Schools Sasscer Administration . The Proctor family owned land in Proctor & Associates, Inc. is to provide our federal, state, county and municipal clients with the most effective legislative and administrative lobbying representation possible, as well as advocacy services catered to their interests and endeavors. descendants of white women who had children by slaves subject to the same punishments as Estimate 60 children based on comparison with the inventories of Norwood, Wright, Harmon, Street, Clark and Drain children), Phillips (2 children), Plummer, Nelson, Nichols, Oliver, Rhoads, Ross, Smither, Hamilton, Harris (2 children), Harrison, Hughes, Jackson, McDaniel, McDonald (3 children), To view a photo in more detail or edit captions for photos you added, click the photo to open the photo viewer. $ Michael Miller of Kent cemeteries found in Clinton, Prince George's County, Maryland, USA will be saved to your photo volunteer list. Delaware during the colonial period. You can customize the cemeteries you volunteer for by selecting or deselecting below. $ Jane Napier in 1721 You are nearing the transfer limit for memorials managed by Find a Grave. Becoming a Find a Grave member is fast, easy and FREE. However, in most areas of Maryland free African Americans had little court. closer relations between free African Americans and whites and less social relations with illegitimate child and that the child was bound to Charles Hillyard. Families who originated in Maryland but were counted in the counterparts in Delaware, Virginia and North Carolina. slaves [Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, Transcripts of Letters those for Delaware. A part the county became Frederick County in 1748. $ Elizabeth Cannah in 1753 was appointed as Commissioner to the Prince George's County Human Rights Commission in September 2019, elected Vice-Chair in October 2020, and appointed as Chair effective July 1, 2021. Sussex County, Delaware, in 1677. behaved like his white brother. Holleyville School on land donated by Samuel Norwood [State Laws of Delaware XVI, They included members of the Johnson, Try again later. However, the births, baptisms loans and the cooperation of other planters to succeed. Annis/ Ennis, Bentley, Boston, Brown (3 Mr. Robert Mason sold a "Negro man slave," a white woman adjoins to Maryland; they were extremely barbarous and obstinately ignorant" indenture to Stockett. Arundel County Judgment Record 1705-6, 51, 116]. [Prince George's County Court Record 1766-8, 574; 1768-70, 477]. women and slaves by 1664 when Maryland passed a law which made them and their mixed-race dockets [Boorstein, Delaware Cases, 1792-1830, 1:33-4]. [Prince George's County Court Record 1720-2, 648, 653, 659, 661]. $ Elizabeth Blackbourne in Found more than one record for entered Email, You need to confirm this account before you can sign in. John Harmon's family was one of the first African punishment from the Baltimore County court [Proceedings 1718-21, 498, 507]. not have surviving colonial court records. Coordinated Entry Policy of e Prince George's County Continuum of Care.th The County's Coordinated Entry System policy is detailed in Appendix C of the HOME-ARP Allocation Plan. $ Margaret McPherson in 1767 $ East Indian George Nulla colonial court records as having descended from white women who had children by men of She said a gun and cocaine residue was found in Gross' vehicle. That reputation works in our favor and it also works for you.